Morality and religion are separate -10 marks
Morality links to the social behaviour of an individual and if their action is morally right or wrong. On the other hand, religion is based on a set of doctrines that follows God. Both of these words ‘religion’ and ‘morality’ have created a dilemma within society and the philosophical world, as it has become difficult to demonstrate if they both can co-exist in a functional society.
Many would argue that morality and religion can co-exist together due to how their core of beliefs is based upon the 10 commandments which is fundamental in order to receive rewards and striving for ‘kingdom of ends’ e.g. heaven. The divine law shows that the principles and values behind religious and ethical rules are the same. Society follow religious dogma’s to have a flowing and working community, without these rules there would be a constant state of flux where law and order does not abide. Aquinas outlined the importance of how secular laws are centred on the divine law where individuals ‘do good and avoid evil.’ Morality and religion cannot be separate as it is within human nature to make ourselves better and religion is intended for humans to aim for the best they can possibly be. Therefore, it is vital that morality and religion coincide together otherwise there would be chaos within society.
However, morality and religion are entirely separate from each other as there is no logical reason to suggest that our sense of right and wrong comes from God, it is not intrinsic. The theory of autonomy suggests morality is independent from religion and that its ideas are shaped by reason, concerning contemporary issues such as war, religion is too out-dated and inconsistent e.g. Jihad struggle to build a Muslim society as opposed to using military tactics but still trying to install peace.
Although this may be taken into account, it does not reflect the fact that morality and religion cannot collaborate. The Euthypro dilemma presents...