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With the use of motivation theory discuss how Caribbean managers can
enhance the motivation of their employees. Provide relevant examples to
illustrate your answer
Motivation can be defined as the processes that account for how hard a person tries which is known as intensity, in the direction of a beneficial goal and how long the person tries for which is known as duration toward attaining a goal (Robbins and Judge). It is important for a manager to know that he/she is not entirely to blame for an unmotivated employee. It is the responsibility of the individual to be self-motivated. On the other hand, it is required that the organisation, including the manager makes an individual feel at home and comfortable. Using Herzberg’s theory, McClelland’s learned needs theory, the expectancy theory and the equity theory; we can see how Caribbean manager can enhance the motivation of their employees.
Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory is one that is based on job satisfaction. A satisfied employee is motivated from within to work harder where as a dissatisfied worker is not self-motivated to work. The factors that lead to job satisfaction are distinct from those that lead to job dissatisfaction. So it is possible that a manager can eliminate factors that cause job dissatisfaction and the employee is still not motivated. Herzberg then came up with two different types of factors: hygiene factors and motivator factors.
Hygiene factors are characterized conditions such as quality of supervision, pay, company policies, physical working conditions, relationships with others and job security. When the needs are met adequately, individuals will not be dissatisfied but they won’t be satisfied either. On the other hand, the motivator factors which are associated with work can produce motivating outcomes directly derived from the work itself such as opportunities for promotion and growth, recognition, responsibility and...