Organizational Leadership – LDR 531
Prof. Donald Baker
January 15, 2009
Motivation has become an important focus in today’s organizations, causing them to invest time and money for effective reasons to motivate their employees. The reason is obvious; motivation drives employees to become better at what they do, helping the organization to be more productive, successful, and reach the desired goals. This paper will discuss the motivational leadership topic obtained by review of literature. First, the definition of motivation and leadership will be addressed in order to capture a better understanding of motivational leadership. Followed by, the research obtained of the following motivational theories: (1) Abraham Maslow, (2) Douglas McGregor, (3) Frederick Herzberg, (4) Victor Vroom, and (5) John Adair.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary (2008), motivation is the (conscious or unconscious) stimulus for action towards a desired goal, especially as resulting from psychological or social factors; the factors giving purpose or direction to human or animal behavior; the reason a person has for acting in a particular way, a motive.
On the other hand, leadership is “the dignity, office, or position of a leader, especially of a political party; ability to lead; the position of a group of people leading or influencing others within a given context; the group itself; the action or influence necessary for the direction or organization of effort in a group undertaking” (Oxford English Dictionary, 2008).
Abraham Maslow - Santoch
Abraham Maslow was a scientist who wanted to delve into the motivations of people’s choices in life. Abraham wrote various papers and did research into a field that did not really have much in the way of scientific data. He pressed forward and developed what is known as Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. These needs are...