An Overview of the Law of Multi Modal Transportation:
Multi Modal Transportation of Goods :( Meaning).
In its essence Multi Modal Transportation of goods means transportation of cargo from the premises of the shipper to those of the consignee, by more than one mode of transportation, under a single contract which has its evidence in form of a single multimodal transport contract.
Thus a multi modal transport system involves the coordination of rail and road networks to ensure good connectivity between port and hinterland.
As a general rule criteria such as Speed, Safety, Reliability, Availability and Flexibility in any transportation system ensures an efficient door to door service & there by determine the quality& success of any mode of transportation.
Establishment of an efficient door to door transportation service plays a key role in eliminating an interruption in continuous movement of goods from the place of their origin to that of their destination. Consequently the enactment of a system of multi modal transportation had its genesis in reducing costs, delays and improving upon the quality of transportation of goods and services.
Traditionally, a system of unimodal transportation was in vogue. Under this system of transportation, cargo used to be carried by a single carrier, this was later on replaced by the concept of segmented transportation, where in each leg of cargo transportation began to be carried out by different modes, under a series of separate set of contracts, each of which was being independently entered for each segment of transportation, from the place of its dispatch to that of its final destination.
However multimodal transport on account of its ability :to minimize loss of time at Transshipment points, coupled with its encouraging faster transit of goods, reducing documentation formalities and its success in saving costs, scored over the existing modes of cargo transportation, and became the primary choice of...