Music History 1st year midterm notes
Chapter V: The Middle Ages and the Evolution of Polyphony
Early Middle Ages (5th-10th century)
High Middle Ages (11th-13th century)
Late Middle Ages (14th-15th century)
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)
Plainchant Sequence: Comlumba Aspexit
-german writer, composer, philosopher, christian, and visionary
-had visions and later recognized as a gift from god.
-was sent to the church in god’s service, due to her visions or political position.
-elected magistra in her community in 1136
-wrote 69 musical compositions
-music composed is very monophonic.
Benart de Ventadorn (1130~ - 1200~)
Court Music: La Douza Votz
-a troubadour and secular composer
-his composition/writing style helped establish the classical form of courtly love poetry
-approximately 45 of his composition and works survived.
Perotin/Perotin the Great (End of 12th Century – Beginning of 13th Century)
Organum Music: Alleluia: Diffusa est gratio
-European Composer (believed to be French)
-pioneered the style of organum triplem/quadruplem (3/4 part harmonies)
-his works are preserved in the “Magnus Liber”
Guilluame de Machaut (1300-1377/Ars Nova)
Polyphonic Progression: Dame, de qui toute ma joie vient
Quant en moi
-Medieval French poet and composer
-part of the musical movement known as Ars Nova
-helped developed the motet and secular song forms
-survived the black death/plague
-composed 400 poems, 235 ballades, 76 rondeux, 39 virelais, 24 lais, 10 complaintes
and 7 chansons royales.
-majority of his poems reflect on the conventions of courtly love.
Chapter VI: The Renaissance
Began in Italy after late middle ages and spread to the rest of Europe
Cultural movement that spanned from 14th-17th century
The printing press was developed which helped...