Music Lessons Enhance IQ
Psychology 1/ Dr. Feist
1. What is the basic question the paper addressed?
The basic question that the paper was trying to answer was weather or not music lessons in fact enhance someone’s IQ.
2. What did the authors predict?
Schellenberg predicts that students that participate or are involved in music lessons will perform better on an IQ test rather than the students that are involved in extracurricular activities that do not involve music and those students that are involved in no extracurricular activities.
3. Who were the participants (number, gender, age, ethnicity if given)?
The children that were involved in the study were children that were around six years of age. There was first 144 student but after some pre-IQ testing their was only 132 students. The children involved were from middle class families that had a keyboard piano in their home.
4. What measures and procedures did the researchers use to test their prediction?
When the researchers were trying to get participants to get involved in their study they offered free weekly music lessons to children that were around six years old. The children’s parents that accepted the free music lessons had their children take three tests before and after the music lessons. The test they used to determine the child’s common knowledge was the WISC-LLL, the K-TEA, and the BASC. These test are most commonly used to measure cognitive and behavioral aptitude in children. The test WISC-LLL is a basic IQ test used to test the level of intelligence in children. The K-TEA test the children’s abilities in five different sub categories that go through an array of subjects and concepts. The BASC test the behavioral development within children. The researchers first began the test my separating the 132 children into four groups, these four groups consisted of two groups that were the music groups, that were the...