Piracy of music
Music piracy is the copying and distributing of copies of a piece of music for which the composer, recording artist, or copyright-holding record company did not give consent. It is a form of copyright infringement, which is a civil wrong and, under certain circumstances, even a crime in many countries. The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries saw much controversy about copyright piracy, regarding the ethics of redistributing media content, how much production and distribution companies in the media were losing, and the very scope of what should be considered piracy. Cases involving the piracy of music were among the most frequently discussed in the debate.
The fact that digital products are virtual instead of physical affects the economic mechanisms behind the production and distribution of content, and how piracy works for digital as opposed to physical products. The main consequence of the non-physical form of digital products is their virtually negligible marginal cost of reproduction and their ability to be digitally delivered. The cost of burning a cd drastically lowered the overhead for record companies, as well as for music pirates. With the growing tendency toward online distribution among legitimate and illicit distributors alike, the expense of distributing shrunk further from the costs of printing and transporting cd’s to merely the costs of maintaining a website. By sheer volume of file transfers, distributing music through traditional web servers were not as popular as peer to peer (P2P) now, because the traditional direct download method is slower.
A 2008 British Music Rights survey showed that eighty percent of people in Britain wanted a legal P2P service. This was consistent with the results of earlier research conducted in the United States. In addition, the majority of file sharers in the survey preferred to get their music from local sources such as LAN connections, email, flash drives, and sharing with...