Nike was founded in 1964 by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight in Beaverton, Oregon. It began as Blue Ribbon Sports (BRS). In 1972, BRS introduced a new brand of athletic footwear called Nike, named for the Greek winged goddess of victory.
The company employs 26,000 staff around the world with revenues in fiscal year 2005 of $ 13.7 billion. It has facilities in Oregon, Tennessee, North Carolina, and the Netherlands with more than 200 factory stores, a dozen Nike Women stores, and more than 100 sales and administrative offices.
Its subsidiaries include Cole Haan Holdings,Inc., Bauer Nike Hockey, Hurley International LLC, Nike IHM, Inc., Converse Inc., Execter Brands Group LLC. As of May 31, 2004, manufacturing plants included Nike brand, with 137 factories in the Americas (including the United States) , 104 in EMEA, 252 in North Asia, and 238 in South Asia, providing more than 650,000 jobs to local communities.
Nike grew from a sneaker manufacturer in the early 1970s to a global company selling a large number of products throughout the world. Nike's sneaker supply chain was historically highly centralized. The product designs, factory contracts, and delivery is managed through the headquarters in Beaverton, Oregon. By 1998, there were 27 different and highly customized order management systems that did not talk well to the home office in Beaverton, Oregon. At that time Nike decided to purchase and implement a single-instance ERP system along with supply chain and customer relationship management systems to control the 9-month manufacturing cycle better, with the goal being to cut it down to 6 months.
The company developed a business plan to implement the systems over a 6-year period, with multiple ERP rollouts over that time. Tile plan called for the implementation of the demand planning system first while working through the ERP system and supply chain implementation.
The demand planning system was implemented...