"Nihongo" stands for the Japanese Language, in Japan.
Hiragana, Katakana, Kanji are the three Language Scripts
Teineigo = Polite Language
Kenjougo = Humble Language
Sonkeigo = Respectful Language
It is considered impolite to call a person by their name, instead they should be adressed by their family name. Also, it is respectful to add -san after the family name. ( -san = Mr. Mrs. or Miss)
Their verbs are moslty found at the end of the sentence. Sentence Structure Example (usually) - [SUBJECT] [OBJECT] [VERB]
It is the very basic script.
It's used for words, which do not have Kanji.
It is also used as suffixes, prefixes and particles.
46 Basic Characters
*1- 5 mainn vowels which are /a/ /i/ /u/ /e/ /o/
'a' pronounced as "aa" EX (mark) the aw sound
'i' pronounced as "i" EX (eat) the ee sound
'u' pronounced as 'u' EX (soon) the oo sound
'e' pronounced as 'e' EX (tell) the eh or ae sound
'o' pronounced as 'o' EX (more) the o or uoa sound
*2- 39 consonants
made by joining a vowel at the end of a character EX- "Ka" "Ki" "Ku" or "Ko"
*3- 1 single consonant (without vowel at end)- "n"
*4- An alphabet 'wo'= the long 'o' sound
tenten and maru
tenten= 2 small lines written at the head of a consonant (this describes the 2 strokes to the right side of the K-set, S-set, T-set, or H-set)
K-G EX (Ka, Ki, Ku becomes Ga, Gi, Gu)
S-Z EX (Sa, Si, Su becomes Za, Zi, Zu)
H-B EX (Ha, Hi, Hu becomes Ba, Bi, Bu)
T-D EX (Ta, Ti, Tu becomes Da, Di, Du)
maru= small circle written at the head of a consonant
EX instead of Ha becoming Ba, with the maru Ha would become Pa
'Kakijun'= (stroke order) sequential steps to write a particular character
*1- Nasal Sound- (put tounge at the top of mouth) EX 'n' ---> enpitsu
*2- Double Consonants- the symbol for -tsu means that the consonant will be pronounced twice EX- gakkou (pronounce K twice)...