University of Phoenix
PSY428 Organizational Psychology
Organizational development is an application of behavioral science which focuses on organizational change. Considerable changes occur when an organization makes compensation for errors within its overall strategy for achievements or make any modification to its existing operations. Organizational development contains an array of theories, processes, and activities, all of which target achieving the goal of improving organizations through proactive activities and techniques.
“Organizational development is a set of behavioral science–based theories, values, strategies, and technologies aimed at planned change of the organizational work setting for the purpose of enhancing individual development and improving organizational performance, through the alteration of organizational members’ on-the-job behaviors’’ (Porras & Robertson, 1992). The overall objective of organizational development is to improve the effectiveness of the organization and the people in it. This paper will focus on organizational development, its process, and theories.
Organizational Development Theories
The organizational development process is based on the action research model which is basically the identification of a problem or the need for change. The process proceeds through assessment, planning of an intervention, implementing the intervention, gathering data to evaluate the intervention, and determining if satisfactory progress has been made or if there is need for further intervention. The process is cyclical and ends when the desired developmental result is obtained. The assessment is required to develop a strategic plan, research is required to determine the requirements which results in the implementation of that plan, and a re-evaluation to determine if the organizational goal has been met or if any further...