Osama bin Laden
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"Bin Laden" and "Osama" redirect here. For other uses, see Bin Laden (disambiguation), Osama (disambiguation), and Osama bin Laden (disambiguation).
This is an Arabic name; the family name is bin Laden.
Osama bin Laden
أسامة بن لادن
Osama bin Laden in 1997
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden
March 10, 1957
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
May 2, 2011 (aged 54)
Saudi Arabia (1957–1994)
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June 7, 1999
Deceased Prior To Capture
Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden (/oʊˈsɑːmə bɪn moʊˈhɑːmɨd bɪn əˈwɑːd bɪn ˈlɑːdən/; Arabic:أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن, Usāmah bin Muḥammad bin ‘Awaḍ bin Lādin; 10 March 1957 – 2 May 2011) was the founder of al-Qaeda, the Wahhabi extremist militant organization that claimed responsibility for theSeptember 11 attacks on the United States, along with numerous other mass-casualty attacks against civilian and military targets. He was a Saudi Arabian, a member of the wealthy bin Laden family, and an ethnic Yemeni Kindite.
Bin Laden was born to the family of billionaire Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden in Saudi Arabia. He studied at university in the country until 1979, when he joined mujahideen forces in Pakistan fighting against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. He helped to fund the mujahideen by funneling arms, money and fighters from the Arab world into Afghanistan, and gained popularity from many Arabs. In 1988, he formed al-Qaeda.He was banished from Saudi Arabia in 1992, and shifted his base to Sudan, until US pressure forced him to leave Sudan in 1996. After establishing a new base in Afghanistan, he declared a war against the United States, initiating a series of bombings and related attacks. Bin Laden was on the American Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) lists of Ten Most...