PA 581 Final Exam Kelle
PA 581 Final Exam Budget and Finance Keller
(TCO A) One of our lectures discusses the budget execution stage of the budget cycle. Please identify and explain each of the major steps in the budget execution process. (Points : 25)
The budget execution process begins after a legal appropriation. It consists of recording the bill from the appropriations bill, monitoring the commitments and spending patterns in comparison to the appropriations, appropriately closing the…
(TCO D) Property taxes receive a number of complaints from some taxpayers and many politicians. Please identify at least three of these complaints, and discuss them in detail. Refer to standards such as vertical equity, horizontal equity, and regressiveness as you discuss these complaints. (Points : 25)
In the U.S., property tax matters have a long history, which began in the colonial period when activities were defense- and justice-related were financed by landowners according to a one’s ability. Property taxes later became a revenue avenue for the federal government as well as for the…
(TCO C) Quarterly allotments for the appropriation to the State Library System for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 201X and ending on June 30, 201Y were as follows: Q1: $5,500,000 Q2: $5,750,000 Q3: $6,500,000 Q4: $7,250,000 On December 31, 201X, budgetary status reports showed expenditures of $11,000,000 and encumbrances of $500,000. Using an accrual accounting concept, what was the budgetary status of Library Systems as of that December 31 date? Show and label all work and state your conclusion. As of the end of the third quarter, the Library System shows expenditures of $18,000,000 and has $4,000,000 in encumbrances. It projects that spending in the fourth quarter will be $250,000 more than what was initially allotted for that budget period. Determine the amount of the...