First of all we can start with understanding what means party identification. Party identification that can be considered the fundamental design of current electoral democracy.The first article about using this concept appeared in 1952 by Belknap and Campbell.They started with asking simple questions “Would you rather vote Republican or Democratic ?”According to answers from voters there were 4 groups;
4. Dont know
But this survey didnt last long time .By the 1952’s The Survey Research Center changed questions to standart version.”Do you see usually yourself as Democrat,Republican,Independent or what?”These questions aim was to evaluate strength of partisanship and to understand which party the independents feel closer.
We can summarise party identification as a voters feel psychological or emotional to a one party.It’s a reaction how they feel and how they react. Voters can be affected by judging candidates. Even candidates past history,personalities and experiences can affect.
We can characterize party identification in thre ways,
Some view party attachment as a form of social identity, which is similar to a religious or ethnic identity.
Childhood is also a main factor of party identification because during the childhood main political influence comes from parents.
Also we can say that some social groups can affect elections such as;
* Income of people
* Education of people
Party identification has a big role in promoting electoral democracy.Parties try to attract more people especially in election times.
As it is clear that party partizans have higher rating ratio and higher attendance to parties political activities.We can say below explanations are charasteristics for voter participation;
Education is always a role because the more educated people means the more...