The term ‘peace’ as applied by Augustus in the given inscription, is used in a way that is meant to glorify him exceedingly.
But is it really true that “the whole human race” was in peace under his rule? Well, the answer to this will be given in the following essay.
First of all I will give a brief description of the situation in the Roman Empire throughout the Pax Romana.
During the time period of ca. 30 BC- AD 180 the subjects of Rome were supposedly living in peace, an era usually called “Pax Romana” (Roman peace). To a large extent, it is true that the roman citizens were living in peace. Corruption was reduced, laws were improved and roman culture and economy flourished.
The Roman Empire strove to unite peoples under its strong hand. This policy promoted not only travel, tolerance, and the exchange of ideas but also the concept of international diversity.
Although the situation inside Rome was generally peaceful, the Pax Romana was not fulfilled to the widest extent, since it suggested world wide peace. Why? The Romans claimed to be ruling over the whole world. Hence, the peace brought about by the Pax Romana was said to have involved everyone. But that was not the case. Despite their outlook, the Romans carried on a foreign policy that was hostile. They continued to fight wars, trying to expand their empire. For instance, wars were waged against Germania.
(In 16 BC Rome conquered the people of the Alps.)
To come back to the inscription by Augustus, he has a very ideological view of peace and exalts himself extremely. In his opinion, he is a blessing to mankind, a blessing given by the highest nature possible. Under his rule all mankind finds “happiness and welfare “
His definition of peace refers to “the whole human race”. It includes financial security, cultural harmony and the fullest sense of satisfaction for everyone.
All hopes and outlooks for the future are positive because the whole world is lying in the hands of the “Saviour”, Augustus....