Introduction to Educational Management and Planning (PDE 113)
MEANING AND FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATIONAL
As we all know, our formal education is an organized one. We must have trained teachers to
teach. Buildings and many facilities have to be put up in order to have educational
institutions function effectively. The people we teach in schools, teacher training colleges
and universities have to meet the needs of the society. It is these people that later works as
doctors, lawyers, teachers and agricultural officers.
All the above ideas come down to one very important thing, i.e. that our educational system
must be arranged at every stage in such a way that it meets the needs of both the individual
and the nation.
This process of intelligently trying to organize education so as to respond to the needs of its
recipients is what can be termed educational planning. In this unit we are going to study
educational planning in details.
By the end of this unit, you should be able to:
explain what planning is;
explain what educational planning means;
identify and explain the characteristics of educational planning and
identify and explain three functions of educational planning.
State the objectives of Educational Planning
Analyse the different approaches used in educational planning.
State the importance and components of educational planning.
Explain each stages of educational planning process.
MEANING OF EDUCATIONAL PLANNING.
In order to understand what educational planning means, it is necessary to understand what is
meant by planning and what a plan is. It is from this level that we will go into the
explanation of educational planning.
Adesina (1990) defines planning as a way of projecting our intentions, that is, a method of
deciding what we want to accomplish. Ejiogu (1990) holds that to plan, means to project,
forecast, design or make or chart our a...