1. Outline the Socratic method of argument pointing out its strengths as well as its limitations or inadequacies.
The Socratic method begins with a hypothesis in which the questioner explores the implications of others’ position in order to stimulate rational thinking and illuminate ideas. Many times, the questioned contradicts themselves, thus strengthening the questioners own point, a similar method to that of Socratic irony, also dealing with the Socratic form of questioning. In easier terms, Socrates would begin a discussion with someone who asserts a thesis and secure their thesis. Then he would provide examples contradicting one another in which the questioned would both agree with. Thereby rendering their thesis false and naming the contrary to be true. A strength is that this method helps to find deeper meaning through simple questioning and makes the questioned think.
2. What arguments would Socrates offer against Democracy? Do you think that the American (rather than the Athenian) democracy would be more acceptable to him, and if so, why?
Theory of Forms is the bases of expert knowledge. The root of democracy is the demos, which mean the many, do not have expert knowledge. To run the state on the decisions of the many is vulnerable to persuasion by arguments based upon emotion, fear. The American democracy would be more acceptable to him because it offers general education, the constitution, civil service, function of judiciary, and such things as libraries and checks and balances. The constitution was an attempt by some people to incorporate the idea of the Theory of Forms. Checks and balances help to enforce the constitution. And everyone has access to education, whether through libraries or schooling. So in conclusion I believe that Socrates would find the American democracy more acceptable than the Athenian democracy.
9./22. In these dialogues, did Socrates give preferred status to law or conscience?/ To what extent would Socrates...