Population Distribution in Brazil

Population Distribution in Brazil

This essay is about the Population Distribution in south east and north Brazil. It describes how uneven populated the different areas of 
Brazil are. It includes explanations and reasons in human, physical, economic and social context. Brazil in terms of population distribution is extremely varied and uneven. It has the sixth largest population in the world has 175 
million inhabitants. The people of Brazil have 8,511,965 square 
kilometres that they could potentially occupy. However 90% of people 
are living within 500 km of the coastline of the Atlantic and 80% 
live within 320 km of the coast. The most densely populated 
areas are; south, south east and the north east. In the south 
there is an average of 43 people per square kilometres. 

On average the south east has 78 people per square kilometres and Rio de Janeiro 
has the highest population density of 329 people per square kilometres. 

Cities like Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro have up to and over 85 people 
per square kilometre. Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro make up two parts 
of three of the ‘golden triangle’. Population densities increase on 
proximity to the Atlantic. 

The north and north west of Brazil is extremely sparsely populated 
which in many places has less than 1 person per square kilometres.

The Lorenz curve is an illustration used to show how much of a 
country’s population occupies a certain amount of a country’s land. 

Idealistically speaking, 10% of the population would occupy 10% of 
that country’s land. However this is almost unheard of due to factors 
that affect settlement. 

There are a vast number of reasons regarding why the population 
distribution of Brazil is so varied. To begin with Brazil is largely 
made up of immigrants. This was during the colonisation period from 
1500. European migrants who were mainly of Portuguese origin arrived 
in Brazil up until 1850 and during the period between 1871- 1960 
around 4 million Germans, Poles and also Japanese arrived....

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