Post modernism is a theory that emerged in the 70’s which is critical of modern sociological theories, such as Durkheim, Marx, and Weber. It claims that society has moved from modernity and we are now living in an era called ‘post modernity’. Post modernism has had an impact on both sociological theory and methods. Postmodernism is mainly associated with 2 sociologists; Baudrillard and Lyotard.
In this essay we will be looking at 2 main issues. 1. Some of the major changes in society in recent decades. And 2. Theories that have been put forward to explain these changes. Society has been undergoing important changes in recent times, i.e. the growing Impact of new technology and the media, new social and political movements based on gender, environmental concerns etc. Some sociologists see these changes to be major and represent a change from the modern era to the post-modern era however some see them as not significant these are the sociologists that argue we still live in a modern society. As we move to different societies we also need to question the theories we use to understand this new society. Some adopt postmodern theories whilst others adapt existing theories postmodern feminism and postmodern Marxism.
Most theories are classed as modernist theories – they believe that society can progress through the use of human reason. Rationality and science will enable us to discover true knowledge about society and the natural world. With this knowledge we can progress to a better future for freedom and prosperity (wealth).
Some characteristics of a modern society are; ‘The nation state’ the key political unit in modern society – a territory ruled by a powerful state, whose population usually shares the same language and culture. We tend to think of the modern world as made up if a series of separate societies, each with its own state. It’s a focal point of modern society. Modern states have created large bureaucracies and educational welfare and legal...