December 2, 2012
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Before the title became Post-traumatic stress disorder, war veterans called these symptoms “Shell Shock.” Some of the soldiers presented with symptoms like staring eyes, severe tremors, blue cold extremities, unexplained deafness or blindness, and paralysis (Javidi & Yadollahie, 2012). Today, men and women of all ages and race are being diagnosed with post- traumatic stress disorder. It is more common in young adults due to being exposed to precipitating conditions. After a traumatic event, many people may develop symptoms like severe anxiety, amnesia, poor concentration, loss of appetite, sexual dysfunction, depression and sleep disturbance. However, the symptoms may not only resolve but also get worse in some of the victims, and the condition progresses to post-traumatic stress disorder. It is still not clear why some people develop post-traumatic stress disorder and why others do not. There are many known reasons that would determine if a person may develop post-traumatic stress disorder. Both the length of time and strength of the trauma are among key risk factors (Barrow, 2010).
People with this disorder sometimes relive the event, which in turn disrupts day to day activities. Some people may experience flashbacks of the event that cause this trauma. Many victims will have nightmares and upsetting memories that remind them of the event or tragedy that took place. Victims will most likely have mixed feelings and lack of interest in things they once cared about. Victims will also avoid places and people that could or would remind them of the event that took place. Victims of post-traumatic stress disorder can be easily startled or have
angry outburst. For example, the tragedy of September 11, 2001 may have caused post-traumatic stress disorder in some people who were involved, in people who saw the disaster, and in people who lost relatives and friends....