Poverty in India
Anti Poverty Programs in India | Mid-Day Meal Scheme for School Children | Various Development and Employment Program
Poverty is a social phenomenon in which a section of society is unable to fulfill even its basic necessities of life. The countries of the third world exhibit invariably the existence of mass poverty, although poverty also exists even in the developed countries of Europe and America.
Several economists and organizations have given different estimates of poverty. Most of them estimated the number of persons below the poverty line on the basis of an average calorie intake of ,50 per capita per day.
According to the report of Task Force on Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand – an expert group of Planning Commission, defined poverty one on a nutritional norm of per capita daily intake of ,400 calories in rural areas and ,00 calories for urban areas.
A person who fails to obtain this minimum level of calories is treated as being below the poverty line.
The identification process of persons below die poverty line has been put to a controversy for the last few years. Planning Commission adopted the survey of NSSO as a basis for defining poverty line and determining the number of persons below it.
On the basis of these criteria, Planning Commission estimated 8.96% of total population below poverty line for the year 993 – 994. The expert group under the chairmanship of Professor.
DT Lakadawala (appointed by Planning Commission which submitted the report in July, 993) found earlier estimates of poverty unreliable and suggested an alternate approach for identifying poor in which different poverty line was determined for different states on the basis of price level of that particular state.
Lakadawala expert group suggested that it will be most suitable to rely on the disaggregated commodity indices for Consumer Price Index for Agricultural laborers (CPIAL) to update the rural poverty...