PS 220 Child and Adolescent Psychology
Unit 5 Assignment
The title of the article is “The Nature and Impact of Changes in Home Learning Environment on Development of Language and Academic Skills in Preschool Children.” The authors are Seung-Hee son Department of Child Development and Family Studies, Purdue University and Frederick J. Morrison, Department of Psychology, University of Michigan.
The research questions the author was investigating in the study is “whether parents are changing their home environment as children approach school entry and whether these changes are linked to children’s language and academic skills development? Citation?
A collection of evidence has shown that important individual differences in reading-related and language skills come into view early and that the differences become stable over time. Early language and academic skills have been highlighted as precursors of later academic achievement. Of all the influences on preschool children’s academic skills the home learning environment is a key source. (Son, S. & Morrison, F. J. 2010). Good.
The home learning environment was measured using the four selective portions of the original version of Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) inventory when children were 36 and 54 months old. The four subscales were Learning Materials, Language Stimulation, Academic Stimulation, and Variety of Experience, these will measure the stimulation of cognitive aspects of a child’s development. When the children involved were 36 and 54 months old their homes were visited by interviewers and the 57-item HOME inventory was completed. (Son, S. & Morrison, F. J. 2010).
The language skills were measured by the Preschool Language Scale- Third Edition (PLS-3) which assesses vocabulary, grammar, morphology, and language reasoning. “PLS-3 consists of (a) the Auditory Comprehension...