1. What did Freud believe was at the root of personality?
It arises from a conflict between our aggressive, pleasure seeking biological impulses and our internalized social restraints against them.
2. What three components of the unconscious process did Freud propose, “battled” for control of outward behavior? Briefly define each and how they relate to the others.
-Id: reservoir of unconscious impulses striving to satisfy basic drives to survive, reproduce, and aggress. It operates on the pleasure-seeking principal (NOTE: DEVIL ON OUR SHOULDER)
-Ego: operating on the reality principal, it seeks to gratify the id’s impulses in realistic ways that will bring long-term pleasure rather than pain or destruction. It contains our partly conscious thoughts, perceptions, judgments, and memories. (NOTE: CONCIOUS AWARENESS)
-Superego: the voice of the conscious that forces the ego to consider not only the real but also ideal and that focuses solely on how one ought to behave. Superego strives for perfection, judging actions and producing positive feelings of pride or negative feelings of guilt. (NOTE: ANGEL ON OUR SHOULDER)
3. Generally know the defense mechanisms. What is the mechanisms underlying all of the others?
-Repression: push things we don’t want into our subconscious (THIS DRIVES ALL OTHER DEFENSE MECHANISMS)
-Regression: retreat to earlier stage where anxiety instigator isn’t present
-Projection: (ex: accusing your partner of cheating because you feel guilty because of your own infidelity
-Rationalization: self justification
-Displacement: diverting sexual or aggressive impulses (ex: son cant hit mom when angry ‡ son hits dog when angry)
-Denial: rejecting events as facts or denying seriousness of an event
4. What are some examples of projective tests? What were they designed to do? What are some problems with projective measures?
Free association, TAT (Thematic Apperception Test), and Rorschach inkblot test. They’re designed to...