Psychology and Diabetes
Diabetes is often referred to as diabetes mellitus and can be defined as a condition in which an individual has high levels of blood sugar as a result of inadequate or insufficient production of insulin in the body. Additionally, it may be caused by the failure of body cells to respond appropriately to the insulin. As such, patients usually have a higher than normal rate of urination. Majority of the world’s population usually acquire diabetes due to poor dietary habits thus increasing their risk of contracting the disease. However, practicing healthy dietary practices can go a long way in reducing the risk of contracting the disease. This paper seeks to review a psychology educational program within the community which aims at educating and enlightening people on diabetes.
Diabetes can be of either type 1 or type 2. Type 1 diabetes often affects individuals in their early years before they reach their forty’s (Illovsky, 2013). Patients with this type of diabetes often survive on insulin injections so as to regulate their blood sugar levels. Type 1 in this the body does not produce insulin; people with it are needed to take insulin daily. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes often affects old aged peopled due to complications in their metabolism. In type 2 the body does not produce or use insulin properly; people with it are needed to often to take insulin or pills, this is the common type of diabetes. Gestational is a type of diabetes, which may occur when a woman is pregnant increasing the risk of the child becoming overweight and infected. It also increases her chance of acquiring other types of diabetes especially the type 2 for the rest of her life. However, various organizations have been formed such as the American Diabetes Association which helps to reduce and cater for people suffering from diabetes.