10 October 2012
1. proportion/proportionate: comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number.
2. retributive: the act of punishing or taking vengeance for wrongdoing, sin, or injury
3. natural vs. conventional: conforming or adhering to accepted standards, as of conduct or taste
4. equitable: characterized by equity or fairness; just and right; fair; reasonable
a) Distributive justice is when goods are distributed amongst members of a certain community. It uses geometric proportion which means each person receives is directly proportional to his or her merit. This means a good person will get more then a bad person would. Rectificatory justice is the dealing of unjust gain or losses between two people, this is used for injustice actions such as theft or assault. Justice is then restored when a judge settles the gains and losses of the people and make it equal once again so a mean can be restored.
b) The role of “reciprocity” in justice is apart of rectificatory or corrective justice, it takes into account whether something is voluntary or involuntary. Not only that, but it takes into consideration who is doing harm to who. Reciprocity, is not based on numerical equality. It means to respond to a positive action with another positive action.This takes part in justice because it is the idea of fairness, and you give others what they deserve.
c) I think that Aristotle’s approach to justice is practical because his main goal is to restore proper balance, but he does not make the difference between involuntary and voluntary acts which can confuse someone. He just says anything that gives on an unjust advantage is unjust, but what is considered giving one an advantage? Also his belief that one person’s loss is another person’s gain seems a little unclear. I disagree that he believes justice is broken up into multiple categories, it just seems practical of one to...