What is Equality?
Well, its dictionary meaning commonly refers to the idea of equal treatment. At the level of the nation-state, equality addresses the fair distribution of such resources as food, affordable housing, health care, education, job training and professional opportunities. Globally, inequities such as famine and homelessness are seen as problems of distribution rather than lack of resources. Just and equitable resource allocation is not simply ethical but essential for the well-being of the larger community –in this case the entire world.
The various types of equality are:
• Equality before the law
• Equality of opportunity
• Equality of outcome or equality of condition
• Gender equality
• Racial equality
• Social equality
Finally, today’s topic – Gender Equality! Gender equality is the goal of the equality of the genders or the sexes, stemming from a belief in the injustice of myriad forms of gender inequality. World bodies have defined gender equality as related to human rights, especially women's rights, and economic development. UNICEF defines gender equality as "levelling the playing field for girls and women by ensuring that all children have equal opportunity to develop their talents." The United Nations Population Fund declared gender equality "first and foremost, a human right."
"Gender equity" is one of the goals of the United Nations Millennium Project, to end world poverty by 2015; the project claims, "Every single Goal is directly related to women's rights, and societies where women are not afforded equal rights as men can never achieve development in a sustainable manner."
Where does Gender Inequality start?
Firstly employment, the problem of inequality in employment being one of the most pressing issues today. In order to examine this situation one must try to get to the root of the problem and must understand the sociological factors that cause women to have a much more difficult time getting the same benefits,...