Chapter 18 Review
1. What was organized in response to Rosa Parks’ arrest?
A bus boycott
2. What technique did CORE use to integrate many restaurants?
3. What did the Southern Manifesto encourage white Southerners to do?
Defy the Supreme Court
4. Whose philosophy did Martin Luther King, Jr. draw from?
5. How did the Arkansas governor try to prevent the integration of a white high school?
Deployed the National Guard
6. What is the name of the student civil rights organization?
7. Why did JFK act slowly on civil rights?
He needed support from the Southern Democrats to get other bills passed.
8. What advantage did Johnson have that JFK did not have in getting the Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed?
He knew how Congress worked.
9. What was the purpose of the Selma March?
To campaign for voting rights for African Americans
10. What did the Kerner Commission blame the problems of inner cities on?
11. What did Plessy v. Ferguson establish in 1896?
12. Who believed that nonviolent passive resistance was the way to end segregation?
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
13. The SCLC set out to end segregation and what?
Encourage African Americans to register to vote
14. Which act was intended to protect the right of African Americans to vote, but did not help?
Civil Rights Act of 1957
15. Where did SNCC’s Voter Education Project focus its efforts?
Rural areas in the Deep South
16. What were the Freedom Riders trying to do?
Draw attention to the South’s refusal to integrate bus terminals
17. How did Robert Kennedy try to help African Americans register to vote?
He had the Justice Department file lawsuits throughout the South.
18. Did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 do much to guarantee the right to vote?
19. What did the Voting Rights Act of 1965 authorize the Attorney General to do in order to register African Americans to vote?
Send federal examiners to register qualified voters
20. What did...