What is History?
History is made by chroniclers who collect facts about a certain time period or event. For whatever facts or information they cannot obtain the try to do their best in describing it to appeal to the masses.
You can have two different people and give them the same facts and data pertaining to an event in time. But you will get two different stories. This is due to the persons’ environment and time period they are in at that time you give them the data. It can also be due to their own individual beliefs/religion. They will include the facts that appeal to them.
The historian is also part of history when he writes his opinions to an event in time. This is do partly because he is telling it from his point of view. His views can be formed by the society he lives in and the research he has completed. He collects all the data and tries to make a story of it.
A true historian will compile all the data and try to come up with one final cause of an event instead of many possible causes. This only will comfort them if all else. But if there are no facts about it, it is just their conclusion to an event.
Anyone who is interested in history can be a historian when they write about it and draw their own opinion/conclusions.
Hammurabi's Code of Laws
translated by C. H. W. Johns
The Code of Hammurabi is the most complete and famous collection of Babylonian laws. It was discovered in 1901 on a seven-and-a-half foot tall obelisk in Susa, in what is now southern Iran. The code reveals a civilization that is highly stratified: punishments differ according to the offender’s social status and gender. The fact that many of the laws regulate commercial transactions suggests that Babylonia in Hammurabi’s time possessed a complex economic system. Many of the penalties seem unduly harsh to modern sensibilities because they adhere to the idea of retributive punishment. Nonetheless, the code as a whole was fairer than many of its...