History Essay Unit 3
The rise and fall of one of the most well-known empires, the Roman republic, were caused by several key factors. Majority of these factors had to do with the decline of monarchy within the empire, expansion of the empire, and political battels inside the government. Rome was one of the greatest empires of the ancient world. The roman state was founded in 509 B.C. after the Romans drove out the hated Etruscan king. At this time Rome had already started making a name for itself and establishing villages into small cities.
After Rome had established itself, they were determined to never again be ruled by a monarch. That is where the Republic government came into play. The Romans though a republic would keep the power spread evenly, this way no individual person could have more power than another. Between 509 B.C and 133 B.C., Rome adapted the government to fit the need of the Roman people. Another huge advancement was establishing a military power that not only conquered Italy but the whole Mediterranean world.
The enforcers or government officials of the early republic were the patricians, the land holding upper class citizens. Senators, who served for life, interpreted laws, and issues decrees. In the event of a war the senate might elect a dictator who ruled for only six months in time of emergency. Thus Julius Caesar came to be.
Caesar was a commander and chief who led many missions and conquests for the Roman Empire. Caesar set out for a new conquest. After nine years of constant fighting, he finally conquered Gaul. Pompey grew jealous of this and had the senate order him to surrender his forces and return to back home to Rome. Caesar secretly crossed the Rubicon and killed Pompey then entered Rome. After crushing many rebellions, Caesar forced the senate to make him a dictator. According to history the senate chose to have Caesar murdered on March 15. This lead to feuds on power in Rome.
After the Pax Romana...