udiciary. Post genocide, the justice system was in shambles. Most judges were killed during the genocide. Prior to the genocide there were nearly 800 judges, after the genocide there were under 300 judges remaining. Rwanda struggled to rebuild their judicial system. In order to restore it, the judiciary system needed to become independent of politics and political influences. In order to rebuild the judiciary system, The Law of Commissions was created. The Law of Commission consisted of judges,prosecutors and two lawyers. It did not have any political figures,or members of the army were involved. The Law of Commissions did not help rebuild the system overnight. The Law of Commissions made suggestions to the government about what needed to be done and also request funds to put them into action. The government did not budge forcing the Law of Commissions to seek help and funding from Parliament.
Rwanda has several types of courts : Supreme Court, High Court and Chambers, Intermediate Courts, Primary Courts, and Genocide Courts. Rwandan courts does not have a jury.
The Supreme Court is the highest court, meaning it is the court that carries the most jurisdiction or authority. The Supreme Court is headed by the president, All rulings in Supreme Court are binding. The role of the Supreme Court is to heal appeals on decisions made by the High Court and to ensure that all Courts rulings are lawful,as listed in Article 145 of the Itegeko Nshinga Rya Republika Y'U Rwanda ( The Constitution of The Republic of Rwanda) .
High Courts have jurisdiction over the entire territory of the Republic of Rwanda. High Courts are made of 25 judges and presided over by the president.
The most famous of the the Genocide Courts, is the Gacaca Courts. The name of courts originated from the Rwandan language kinyarwanda;it can be translated to mean grass or the lawn. The court was named Gacaca Courts because members of the Gacaca sit on the grass when listening to and considering...