What is Biotechnology?
At its most basic term, biotechnology means the use of living organisms or their products
to better human health and the environment. Biotechnology can be considered as an advanced
scientific tool for the manipulation of biological organism, system, or components to produce
some benefit to human health and human environment.
Applications of biotechnology in medicine field
Today, the most notable impact of biotechnology has been in the medical and
pharmaceutical arena. In the medicine field, red biotechnology application has resulted in new
antibiotics, vaccines for malaria, and improved ways of insulin production. It has also aid in
“diagnostic tests for detecting serious diseases such as hereditary cancers and Huntingtonís
chorea have been developed as well as ways of detecting and treating AIDS” (Amer 2008, par.
5). Currently, around 250 biotechnology advanced health care products and vaccines are
available to patients, many of these products developed for previously untreatable diseases.
These advances are helping humanity prepare for and meet many of society’s challenges
using our own genetic makeup. Reducing rates of infectious disease, changing the odds of
serious life-threatening conditions, tailoring treatments to individuals to minimize health risks
and side effects, developing precise tools for better disease detection and fight serious illnesses
and everyday threats. It is expected that biotechnology will contribute largely to global economy
with the introduction of recombinant DNA technology for the production of biopharmaceuticals.
It is expected that biotechnology will contribute largely to global economy with the
introduction of recombinant DNA technology for the production of biopharmaceuticals. It is
apparent that the main focus of biotechnology is to impact the world through biology, targeting
“human genome project,...