Personal development in counselling
Describe two models of self development
There are two models of self development which we have covered with Hugh; there is johari’s window and Berne’s ego state.
Firstly Johari’s window, which is a self development model, developed by Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham in 1955 in the United States. Although this is classed as self development model you would need the help of someone else to complete downwards into the window. This consists of four squares like panes of glass in a window, the first pane is your conscious self Free/open, the second is your blind area, the third is your hidden area and the final area is you unknown unconscious self.
The main aim of johari's window is to expand the known self window into the three sections, down with self known facts and across with facts others notice about us, but it relies on honesty and openness.
The open area will expand as you utilize information you know about yourself and feedback from others will shrink the blind spot thus opening the open area further providing you take the information onboard.
The second self development model we covered it the Berne’s ego state model is a TA (transactional analysis) or PAC model was first developed by Eric Berne, starting in the late 1950s. This is a self development model as you don’t need anyone’s help to complete, as you can do an ego gram yourself. There is three main states- parent, adult and child. Parent is split into two parts, controlling parent and nurturing parent. Adult which is a whole. Finally child who is split into two parts, adaptive child and free child. The parent and child states all have positive and negative points.
Controlling parent state positives
• Offers protection
• Safe boundaries and limits
Controlling parent state negatives
• Not flexible
• Over controlling
Nurturing parent state positives
• Offers care and support
• Offers forgiveness and...