It is defined as just awareness of stimulus. It is the stimulation of sensory receptors and the transmission of sensory information to the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain).
Perception is the brain’s process of organizing and interpreting sensory information to give it meaning.
• PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION.( A product of nervous system)
Perception is defined as a primary mental ability in which we organize our sensations, meaningfully interpret them, and thereby form a mental representation of our world. The organization of sensory data is the beginning of the perceptual process. The world would appear confusing if we do not put together and organize the information available to us through our millions of receptors. The process by which we structure the input and create perceptual coherence is called perceptual organization.
For example, when we look at a chair, we perceive the chair as a whole even though we do not see all parts of the chair at one time. In fact, the bits of sensory information that we receive from the chair are disconnected. We organize those bits of information into a meaningful whole by using some principles of organization.
Human perception is the active reception and coordination of information received through our sensory systems in order to make sense of the environment and to behave effectively within it. In contrast with the direct and immediate sensations actually received and transmitted, perception is the transformation of that information into nerve cell activity that is transferred to the brain where further processing occurs. Our perceptual systems do not passively receive stimuli from the world; instead they actively select, organize, interpret, and sometimes distort sensory information. The real world then may not be the same as the one we perceive. Broadly, perception can be said to be the study of the human organism's relation to the physical world.
MAIN IDEAS OF GESTALT...