Many colonies were settled by the people of English origin. Not all colonies were the same though. There were two distinct societies that differed: the New England region and Chesapeake region.
The states that were included in the New England region were Rhode Island (founded by Roger Williams), Connecticut (founded by Thomas Hooker), Massachusetts (founded by John Winthrop), and New Hampshire (founded by John Wheelright). Important colonies in this region were Boston, Salem, and Concord.. The states that were included in the Chesapeake region were Virginia (founded by John Smith), Maryland (founded by George Calvert), North Carolina (founded by Virginia colonists), South Carolina (founded by English colonists), and Georgia (founded by James Oglethorpe). Some colonies in this region consist of Jamestown, Baltimore, and Charleston.
The geography had a huge impact on the colonies. New England colonies were in the north where the climate was cool and winters, harsh. Because of this, the colonists took part in subsistent farming. Natural harbors helped with fishing and pushed the production of boats. Even though there was thin, rocky soil, they were still prosperous because whole families moved there that helped with farming. “Doc. B” On the other hand, the south had rich, fertile soil. Thanks to the mild winters, there was a longer growing season. The Chesapeake region had many crops including rice, tobacco, and grains. The colonists wanted more land for crops so they kept pushing the natives away. At first, there were only men “Doc. C” and they were strictly looking for gold, so they didn’t make the discover of the rich soil till later.
Religion was a huge factor in the northern colonies. John Winthrop wrote that they “…shall be seen as a city upon a hill…” “Doc. A” Northern colonists wanted to be the role models of the new world. They were expected to live under God and “work as one man.” The Articles of Agreement is just one example of the rules and orders...