Sexual Harassment happens more often than people think. Some people participate in the act and don’t even know they are doing so. It could happen anywhere, a bar, on the street, or most often at a workplace. Yes, it occurs more towards women but men can be affected by sexual harassment as well. In 2011, 16% of sexual harassment cases were filed by men. What may seem like a simple joke can be extremely offensive to others
Sexual Harassment is a form of sex discrimination that occurs in the workplace and people who are the victims of sexual harassment may sue under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment is defined as “ Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that tends to create a hostile or offensive work environment.” (Legal Dictionary) A key word in the definition is unwelcomed. Unwelcome conduct or communication of a sexual nature is not allowed but invited actions are no unlawful. Sexual interaction between consenting people at work may be offensive to other employees or could violate company rules but this is not considered sexual harassment.
Sexual Harassment vs. Gender Discrimination
Sexual harassment and gender discrimination are entirely different and the key component is in the name. According to the Employment Law textbook, sexual harassment is "(1) as sexual advance or request forsexual favors made by one employee or management to another which is unwelcome and not consented to and (2) touching, joking, commenting or disturbing material of a sexual nature to which an
employee has consented and finds offensive." Gender discrimination is discrimination against another person purely based on gender possibly hindering them from employment or an increase in wages.
Quid Pro Quo
Quid Pro Quo, also known as vicarious liability, is the most common form of sexual harassment. According to The Advocates of Human Rights website, it occurs...