Kālidāsa ("servant of Kali" Sanskrit: कालिदास) was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language.Shri Kalidasa is the greatest poet in Sanskrit literature. He has many accolades into his credit. He is called jewel of poets (kaviratna) by the scholars. He is also famously known as the kavikula Guru(the master/guide of all poets). By his great contributions to Sanskrit literature, he set the highest standards for creating a great piece of literary work.
Shri Kalidasa was very spiritual person. He was also a staunch devotee of Shridevi. From the spiritual perspective, kavi means spiritually enlightened wise person. So, kaviratna means jewel of enlightened people. Now, the kavikula Guru takes the meaning: guide or master for all enlightened people.
His plays and poetry are primarily based on the Hindu Puranas and Hindu philosophy
Kālidāsa wrote three plays. Among them, Abhijñānaśākuntalam ("Of Shakuntala recognised by a token") is generally regarded as a masterpiece. It was among the first Sanskrit works to be translated into English, and has since been translated into many languages.
Shakuntala stops to look back at Dushyanta,
* Mālavikāgnimitram ("Mālavikā and Agnimitra") tells the story of King Agnimitra, who falls in love with the picture of an exiled servant girl named Mālavikā. When the queen discovers her husband's passion for this girl, she becomes infuriated and has Mālavikā imprisoned, but as fate would have it, Mālavikā is in fact a true-born princess, thus legitimizing the affair.
* Abhijñānaśākuntalam ("Of Shakuntala recognised by a token") tells the story of King Dushyanta who, while on a hunting trip, meetsShakuntalā, the adopted daughter of a sage, and marries her. A mishap befalls them when he is summoned back to court: Shakuntala, pregnant with their child, inadvertently offends a visiting sage and incurs...