1. What were the social and intellectual roots of progressive reform?
-anger over the excesses of industrial capitalism and urban growth
-social cohesion and common bonds as a way of understanding how modern society and economics worked
-need for citizens to intervene actively, politically and morally, to improve social cond.
2. How did tensions between social justice and social control divide progressives?
The differing beliefs such as the affect sin has on you as an individual and the belief that natural and social scientists develop rational measures for improving human cond.
3. How did the impact of new immigration transform American cities?
Gave cities more workers. They were working everywhere and outnumbering the number of American born workers. Canadians arrived btwn 1900-’30 in New England, Detroit. Mexicans (1900-’14) arrived in Arizona, NM, Cali, Texas, and Colorado. Japanese (1898-’07) arrived mainly in Cali.
4. What new forms of activism emerged among the working class, women, and blacks?
Women were going to college more. General Federation of Women’s Clubs represented 20,000 women in 1890, 150,000 women in 1900 and over 1,000,000 by WWI. National Consumer’s League (NCL)-those who met safety and sanitary standards could put NCL on their food and clothes. Publicized labor abuses and lobbied for maximum hours and minimum wage laws. The Niagra Movement protested legal segregation, exclusion of blacks from labor unions, and the curtailment of voting. NAACP was founded in 1909.
5. How did progressivism become a central force in national politics?
Theodore Roosevelt ran as a progressive and on the progressive principles, when the Republican Pres Taft wasn’t doing what Roosevelt felt needed to be done for the country. He lost.
1. How and where did the US expand its role on the international scene?