For this assignment for module two case I will explain what each sociological viewpoint means for the following areas; functionalism, conflict, and interaction. Next I will state and defend my position on whether or not organizations have identifiable cultures or can the organizations be defined by their cultures. I will discuss if the process of socialization work the same for an organization as it does in society as a whole. To conclude this assignment I will review on how the process of socialization affect the formation of organizations and how does socialization promote change in organizations. Functionalism perspective focuses on each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society’s functioning as a whole. I will go over this in the next paragraph.
Functionalism is an interesting perspective to socialism and is a society that is held together by social consensus. Each member of this society agree, work, and achieve together for what is best for the whole society. Social consensus is either mechanical or organic solidarity and assumes one form or the other usually.
Mechanical solidarity is a social cohesion that happens when people in society maintain values, beliefs, and ethics. They usually engage in similar professions or walks of life. This is a very traditional society, such as farmers, herders, tribes, etc. To counter this there is organic solidarity.
Organic solidarity is a social cohesion occurs when people in society are interdependent, but hold to varying values, beliefs, and engage various types of jobs. This arises in industrialized, dynamic societies much like Los Angeles, New York, or Miami. Organic solidarity is usually the result of any expanding society. The functionalist perspective peaked in the 1950s in the US. Functionalist sociologists like Robert Merton divided human functions into manifest and latent functions.
Manifest function is intentional and obvious human functions whereas latent...