The area that I’m going to focus on is Social Learning Theories. The first individual I’ll look at is Bandura was because of his three concepts in which I believe in; 1) People can learn through observation. 2) Mental states are important to learning. 3) Learning does not necessarily lead to a change in behavior. He also constructed four conditions 1) Attention -In order to learn, you need to be paying attention 2) Retention -The ability to store information is also an important part of the learning process. 3) Reproduction - Once you have paid attention to the model and retained the information, it is time to actually perform the behavior you observed. 4) Motivation - In order for observational learning to be successful, you have to be motivated to imitate the behavior that has been modeled (Boyd, 2009).
Secondly there is Pavlov, his name and the term classical conditioning is synonymous. Pavlov was able to come up with four components to help us to better understand classical conditioning: 1) The unconditioned stimulus 2) The conditioned stimulus 3) The unconditioned reflex and 4) The conditioned reflex. He also covered three patterns that go hand in hand with classical conditioning: 1) Extinction 2) Stimulus generalization and 3) Discrimination. Pavlov was famous for his work with dogs and salivation (Boyd, 2009).
Last but not least is Skinner. Skinner was genius in operant conditioning. He focused on reinforcement; 1) Continuous reinforcement 2) Fixed ratio schedule 3) fixed interval schedule and 4) Variable schedules. Skinner also talked about shaping. It basically involves reinforcing a behavior first close to the desired behavior (Boyd, 2009).
Synopsis of Interview
I had the pleasure of interviewing a woman by the name of Mrs. Miller. She is a counselor and teacher with a M.A. in Counseling. I asked her four simple questions in regards to social learning.
The first question was: Do you agree...