Sociology is the scientific study of human society and social interaction. The main goal is to understand social situations and look for repeating patterns in society. The main focus is groups and not the individual.
1. Sociology is an independent science:
Sociology has now emerged into an independent science. It is not treated and studied as a branch of any other science like philosophy or political philosophy or history. As an independent science, it has its own field of study, boundary and method.
2. Sociology is a social science and not a physical science:
As a social science, it concentrates its attention on man, his social behaviour, social activities and social life.
3. Sociology is a categorical and not a normative discipline:
Sociology "confines itself to statements about what is not what should be or ought to be". As science, sociology is necessarily silent about questions of value.
4. Sociology is a pure science and not an applied science:
Sociology as a pure science has its applied fields such as administration, diplomacy, social work, etc. Each pure science may have more than one application. Sociology is a pure science, because the immediate aim of sociology is the acquisition of knowledge about human society, not the utilization of that knowledge
5. Sociology is relatively an abstract science and not a concrete science:
. It only means that sociology is not interested in concrete manifestations of human events. It is more concerned with the form of human events and their patterns.
6. Sociology is a generalizing and not a particularizing or individualizing science:
Sociology tries to find out the general laws or principles about human interaction and association, about the nature, form, content and structure of human groups and societies.
7. Sociology is a general science and not a special science: It is concerned with human interaction and human life in general.
8. Finally, Sociology is both a rational and an...