1. Sociological Perspective is seeing the general in the particular.
2. The Importance of a Global Perspective the study of the larger world and our society’s place in it.
a. High-income countries 72 are the nations with the highest overall standards of living.
b. Low-income countries 52 nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor.
3. The Origins of Sociology Like the choices people make, major historical events rarely just happen. Even sociology itself is the result of powerful social forces.
4. Structural-functional approach is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
Social structure any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
Social functions the consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole.
5. Macro-level orientation a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole
Social-conflict approach a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
6. Micro-level orientation a close-up focus on social interaction in specific situations
Symbolic-interaction approach a framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals.
7. Positivist sociology the study of society based on scientific observation of social behavior
empirical evidence information we can verify with our senses
science a logical system that develops knowledge from direct, systematic observation.
8. Concept a mental construct that represents some aspect of the world in a simplified form
9. Correlation means a relationship in which two or more variables change together.
10. The Experiment is a research method for investigating cause and effect under highly controlled conditions.
11. Survey is a research method in which subjects respond to a series of statements or questions on a questionnaire or in a...