• Submitted By: Daverz
  • Date Submitted: 12/22/2013 3:42 PM
  • Category: Business
  • Words: 2200
  • Page: 9
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1. Culture is organic and supra-organic: It is organic
when we consider the fact that there is no culture
without human society. It is supra organic, because
it is far beyond any individual lifetime. Individuals
come and go, but culture remains and persists
Calhoun (op cit).

2. Culture is overt and covert: It is generally divided
into material and non-material cultures. Material
culture consists of any tangible human made objects
such as tools, automobiles, buildings, etc. Non-
material culture consists of any non-physical aspects
like language, belief, ideas, knowledge, attitude,
values, etc.

3. Culture is explicit and implicit: It is explicit when we
consider those actions which can be explained and
described easily by those who perform them. It is
implicit when we consider those things we do, but
are unable to explain them, yet we believe them to
be so.

4. Culture is ideal and manifest (actual): Ideal culture
involves the way people ought to behave or what
they ought to do. Manifest culture involves what
people actually do.

5. Culture is stable and yet changing: Culture is stable
when we consider what people hold valuable and
are handing over to the next generation in order to
maintain their norms and values. However, when
culture comes into contact with other cultures, it can
change. However, culture changes not only because
of direct or indirect contact between cultures, but
also through innovation and adaptation to new

6. Culture is shared and learned: Culture is the public
property of a social group of people (shared).
Individuals get cultural knowledge of the group
through socialization. However, we should note that
all things shared among people might not be
cultural, as there are many biological attributes
which people share among themselves (Kottak,

7. Culture is symbolic: It is based on the purposeful
creation and usage of symbols;...

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