Sonnet is poem with fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. It has been classified into groups based on rhyme scheme. There are many types of sonnet as the Italian sonnet. It divided to two section by different group of rhyming sounds. The first 8 lines is call the octave rhymes abbaabba. It has two ideas in one poem. The remaining 6 lines is called sestet and can have two or three rhyme sound, arranged in different of way cdcdcd,cddcdc,cdeced,cdcedc. The other type of sonnet is call Shakespearean. It divided 3 quatrains of alternating rhyme and couplet. Its rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg. It has one idea at whole of poem. In this an essay, I will choose Italian and Shakespearean sonnet and I will analysis them.
Shakespearean sonnet ''sonnet 18''
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimmed.
Buy thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st:
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
In this first quatrain, the speaker is trying to find something that compare to the beauty of the young man. The speaker tries to compare him to a summer's day, but he realizes that the young man is more lovely and more temperate than summer. The flower buds that appear in the May are destroyed by the strong winds; thus, summer can be cruel and rough, which the young man is not.
The second quatrain is concerned with the natural progression of nature. The "eye of heaven" is referring to the sun, which makes everything so hot. Line six offers a different extreme weather...