The Athenians and the Spartans had their differences. This led to the Spartans invading the city-state…Athens, the ‘marathon’, and the revolution of democracy. These two city-states were so differential, even though they were located nearby each other. Their close locations, although, may have been what made their rivalry so strong, and overpowering.
The Spartans were a very strong and organized civilization. Males and females went to school. Although helots (slave like people, the lowest class in Sparta) did not. At age thirteen, all males went into a very formal military training bracket (for school). Females were taught to be very strong physically and mentally. Family life was not as big of a priority in Sparta. If newborns were irregular, physically, and/or mentally weak, they would be killed. This maybe the reason mothers were trained to be mentally strong also. The Spartan society is the harshest society out of the two, (Sparta and Athens) in my point of view.
In the Athenian civilization, males were the only citizens allowed to go to school. Women were often under minded and were treated and thought of as 'pieces of property'. If a woman had an important job in the society, it would be worrisome for the household because she wouldn’t be home often, that is a major reason men were given high class jobs over women. Family life was a higher priority in the Athens. For women, this was a harsh society because they were under minded, in my point of view.
The Athenian civilization and the Spartan civilization are similar because they both have some-what slaves in the society. The Athens and Sparta are similar because they are both located in Ancient Greece and are both city-states. They are also similar because they had one common enemy, The Persians.