Emma Leck Topic for discussion ' Prejudice
♥ More than a decade ago, two economists quantified the effect that good looks have in workplace success.
♥ According to a 1994 study by University of Texas at Austin economist Daniel Hammersmesh and Michigan State economist Jeff Biddle, there is “a 7-9 percent penalty for being in the lowest 9 percent of looks among all workers and a 5 percent premium for being in the top 33 percent.”
♥ Prejudice has a heavy psychological impact on the ones to whom it is directed at; it shows the ignorance of the person displaying the prejudice
♥ There is no reason for us to judge people based on their looks, they didn’t get to choose to whom they were born.
♥ Initially this is referred to making a judgment about a person based on their race,religion,etc., before receiving information relevant to the particular issue on which a judgment was being made
Types of Prejudice
♥ Cognitive Prejudice-refers to what people believe is true.
♥ Affective Prejudice-refers to what people like and dislike.
♥ Conative Prejudice-refers to how people are inclined to behave.
♥ Institutional Discrimination-refers to unequal treatment that is entrenched in basic social institutions resulting in advantaging one group over another.
Resons for Prejudice
Prejudice has been researched extensively and psychologists generally come to a few approaches: arousal, personality, intergroup interaction, and by learning.
♥ Arousal approach- Following the psychodynamic perspective, some traditional psychologists described prejudice a result of frustration.
♥ Personality approach- Another classical explanation on prejudice concerns the personalities which create tendency on prejudice against minorities.
♥ Intergroup approach- Some social psychologists explain prejudice as the effect of group interaction.
♥ Learning approach- Learning theories provide a way of understanding how behavior develops and...