What I have learned about the Earth’s climate it that there are several factors that make up a region’s climate. Climate is not only just the temperature, but it also is latitude, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, elevation, wind, and even ocean currents.
One of the main things that impact our climate is the sun; our sun provides not only light but heat too. If there is a place on earth close to the equator then it will be generally a hot or at least warmer place. That is because the sun’s rays are focused more in that general area. This is also where latitude comes in, if an area is up by 60 degrees north then it will be cooler than at zero degrees. That is because it is getting less of the sun’s direct light and rays.
Atmospheric pressure commonly known as air pressure can make an area have precipitation. Low-pressure systems in your area usually mean there will be a storm. If there is a high-pressure system that usually means that there are clear skies and probably no rain soon. Fronts are also a part of this too. If a cold front and a warm front collide above your head you most likely will not feel this but in time after that you will get some type of precipitation.
Precipitation is rain, snow, sleet, hail, or any other type of water coming down from a cloud. Relative humidity is how much water vapor the air can hold, if the air is colder then it will hold less water then if the air is warmer. Sleet happens when there are several fronts it has to go through before it can touch earth, sleet is frozen then melts and freezes to form the sleet.
Hail happens from the same process but it gets tossed back up and more water vapors hook on to it, the convection currents in the air toss up the hail and make it bigger.
Elevation is a part because warm air rises but when you go high enough then it will be very cold. Wind can bring storms to you and it can take them away too. The jet stream it a very fast stream of air high up in...