The first central belief of Islam is the people’s oneness with God and humanity. What this means is that there is truly only one God. Muslims also believe that all people should be as one family under God and they make no differences between race, social status and so forth. As the text states, they do not believe that there is a “chosen people”.
The second central belief is the prophethood and compass of Islam. They believe in the prophets of all religions and believe that Islam is a part of all religions. They do however believe that Muhammad sent messages that were meant for all people where as the messages of other prophets were directed towards people of their culture and time.
The third central belief of Islam is human relationship to the divine. Muslims believe that by worshipping and truly believing in the one God, they will be blessed with a peaceful life and afterlife. They believe that worshipping anything but God is a sin against God himself. They do not believe in the worship of natural things or in idol worship. They also believe that people should never forget God; He should always be remembered and worshipped as a divine being.
The fourth central belief is the unseen life. This is believing in the existence of things that we do not see in our everyday life such as angels from heaven and Satan. Muslims believe that angels should not be worshipped because they are only servants to God himself.
The fifth central belief is the last judgment. Muslims believe that in a specific but unknown period after people die, people will be resurrected and brought together to be made accountable for their actions during their lifetime. They believe that anyone who does not believe in Allah or who has believed in Allah but turned away from his teachings will be destined to live in Hell. Those who have lived by the word of Allah and worshipped him as the God are destined for a life in what they call a Garden of Bliss. Basically all of their Earthly desires...