The French Lieutenant’s Woman
1960’s; a period of crisis, heralding a complex change of sensibility in the Western World, characterized by widespread demands for engagement and commitment.
Student revolts in France 1968.
United States: Civil Rights/anti Vietnam War.
Now Left Wing.
Increase in pacifism, ‘green’ political options.
Field of literature; widespread tendency towards metafiction, the assumption of a tone of ironic and periodic playfulness, a flouting of the traditional realism – enhancing conventions of classic realism.
‘Extended thematized allegory’ (Linda Hutcheon) Not only will the author make the reader see (Conrad ), but he will reveal to them the mechanisms of vision creating.
Stretching eyes west
Over the sea,
Wind foul or fair,
Always stood she
Solely out there
Did her gaze rest,
Seemed charm to be.
Hardy, ‘The Riddle’
The purpose of the epigraph is to set the tone (thematic) for the chapter. This is an echo of Sarah Woodruff. Hardy’s imaginary woman comes into being. (Overt intertextuality. Use of epigraphs started by Sir Walter Scott.) Fowles acknowledged Hardy’s influence: “Hardy’s later novels stand out amount novels for their content of human sexuality. ‘Tess of the D'urbervilles’ in particular; ‘a pure woman faithfully presented to directly comparable to Fowles aim of characterising Sarah as a stigmatised fallen woman and a sexual rebel.
La (Mar) 1867. John Stuart Mill tried (but failed) to persuade his Parliamentary colleagues to grant woman the vote: see p. 113.
‘Historiographic metafiction.’ (Linda Hutcheon) “But I can be put to the test, for the Cobb has changed very little since the year of which I write; though the town of Lyme has, and the test is not fair if you look back towards land. However if you had...as that man that day did.’
“Harsh wind.” ... “Focusing his telescope” Type of omniscient...