Definition of Human Rights
Human rights are commonly understood as fundamental rights to which a person in entitled to simply because he or she is a human being. Human rights are universal. They are universal because everyone is born with and possesses the same rights, regardless of where they live, their gender or race, or their religious belief. Because it is difficult to know what our basic rights really are, Britain helped to preserve our basic liberties into the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). The Human Rights Act means that we can safeguard rights in the UK, and we can all be clearer about the basic values and values we commonly share.
The Human Rights Act 1998 is a law which came into full force in the United Kingdom in October 2000. It gives further effect in the UK to the fundamental right and freedoms in the European Convention on Human rights in the UK Law. The Human Right Act places all public authorities in the UK, such as NHS Trusts, local authorities, central government departments and other bodies carrying out public functions under a duty to respect and comply to the rights it contains in everything they do. The Human Rights aims to bring most of the Human Rights contained in the European Convention of Human rights into the UK law and to bring about a new culture of respect for the Human Rights in the UK. For many years, a number of reasons were advanced for not giving full effect within the U.K. to the Convention. These included the risks of: damaging the policy of parliamentary sovereignty; judges gaining too much power; difficult questions being decided by judges rather than by elected politicians..
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe. The Convention established the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). Any person who feels his or her rights have been violated under the Convention by a state party can take a case to the Court....