The Kyoto Protocol, The Release of Greenhouse Gases
& its Impact on the Environment
"We must no longer think of human progress as a matter of imposing ourselves on the natural environment. The world--the climate and all living things-- is a closed system; what we do has consequences that eventually will come back to affect us." - UNEP
Abstract: Scientists agree that something is heating the atmosphere--they just can't agree on what. Greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide from auto engines and power plants have something to do with it. Now scientists think soot--tiny bits of carbon that blacken diesel exhaust and forest smoke--is another big culprits. However among others with Carbon dioxide (CO2), there exist Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) as the ones producing disastrous effects as greenhouse gases.
Key terms: Kyoto protocol, greenhouse gases, greenhouse effect, global warming, ozone layer
1.0Introduction: The phenomenon whereby the earth's atmosphere traps solar radiation, caused by the presence in the atmosphere of gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapour, and methane that allow incoming sunlight to pass through but absorb heat radiated back from the earth's surface can be a lato sensu definition for the greenhouse effect. Any of the atmospheric gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect whereby such gases are for example, the CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6. In an attempt of the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system, an agreement was made under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). This amendment emerged as the birth of the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCC on the December 11, 1997.
2.0The Kyoto Protocol: "The Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under which industrialised countries will reduce...