During the Summer of 1919 , there were race riots in Chicago , Illinois , Charleston and twenty –four other cities. During that year seventy-seven Negroes were lynched , of which fourteen were publicly burned , eleven of them being burned alive. The riots of 1919 were not the first or last mass lynching of Blacks there were several other riots. In each of the race riots , it was White people that sparked the incident by attacking Black people. In the majority of the riots , some extraordinary social changes occurred such as wartime mobility , post-war adjustment or economic depression. Also ,the fighting occurred mostly within the Black community. Blacks were not only killed , but their homes and businesses were looted and some were left homeless. The goal of the White rioters was to instill fear and terror into Blacks. Personally , I think the Jim Crow laws and norms were unjust and very violent. I do not consider it as a fair law because it only brought about inequality and the hatred of Black by the Whites which led to the mass killing of Blacks. Fortunately for the Blacks , this situation changed due to the fight for equal rights by strong and intelligent Blacks. An example of such people was Rosa Parks who refused to surrender her seat to a white person on a segregated Montgomery , Alabama , city bus. Her act of civil disobedience led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the emergence of Dr. Martin Luther King , Jr., as a powerful leader in the fight for civil rights. http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/history/surviving.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jim_Crow_laws. http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAjimcrow.htm.